Wednesday, 20 September 2017

Genduara punctigera

Genduara punctigera LASIOCAMPINAE LASIOCAMPIDAE 

Another new moth. They are coming thick and fast this year. This one is said to breed on  Exocarpos cupressiformis, (SANTALACEAE), common name "Native Cherry". Exocarpos cupressiformis are partly parasitic on the roots of plants around them, and are not choosy. They are said to be able to use grasses, Eucalypts, wattles, Casuarinas, Banksias, Grevilleas, and plants in the pea family. As far as I know we do not have any E. cupressiformis here but we do have other species of SANTALACEAE.
The larvae of other members of the Genduara genus have been found feeding on mistletoes (LORANTHACEAE), and other members of  Exocarpos, so it is possible that the larvae of G. punctigera are able to live on some of these other plants.
The common name of the moth is "Spotted Clear Winged Snout Moth", because the males often have nearly transparent wings. 




 Family:- LASIOCAMPIDAE
Sub Family:- LASIOCAMPINAE
Genus:- Genduara
Species:- punctigera





Further information on the host plants can be obtained from the Toowoomba Plants site link in the right hand column of this blog and searching for the plant family names.

************************************************************************************

Hypena (Probably) laceratalis HYPENINAE EREBIDAE

Was:- Hypena laceratalis HYPENINAE NOCTUIDAE

The larval food plant is  Lantana ( Lantana camara, VERBENACEAE ). There have been many attempts to introduce insects that will eat the pest plant Lantana. A strain of H. laceratalis was introduced to Hawaii, Norfolk Island and Queensland in an attempt to control the weed.
There have been a number of attempts to introduce moths to Australia to control Lantana, in 1914, 1957, 1958 and 1965, but they appear to have had little or no effect in controlling the spread of the plant.








Family:- EREBIDAE
Sub Family:- HYPENINAE
Genus:- Hypena
Species:- laceratalis (Probably)















*********************************************************************************

Wednesday, 13 September 2017

Thallarcha Species

Thallarcha species ARCTIINAE EREBIDAE

This moth is not in perfect condition. The two possible species are likely to be Thallarcha rhaptophora (Desert Footman), which is generally found in South Australia and Western Australia, which makes it unlikely that it is here, and Thallarcha fusa which is quite common here but the wing patterns not a very good match with my sample.
The weather around the time I took the photo, has included very strong, dry winds from the west, for days on end, so there is still a chance that this moth may be T. rhaptophora blown in from somewhere in the western deserts.





Family:- EREBIDAE
Sub Family:- ARCTIINAE
Genus:- Thallarcha
Species:- Sp (Possibly Fusa or rhaptophora)










I did a blog on some other Thallarcha species moths on 23 March 2016
Thallarcha macilenta LITHOSIINAE ARCTIIDAE Wednesday, 23 March 2016
Thallarcha Sp Poss sparsana LITHOSIINAE ARCTIIDAE Wednesday, 23 March 2016

************************************************************************************

Mataeomera Species


These two took some work to find names for them, even then I am really only sure to Genus.
I could not find out much about the biology either of them.
There are a couple of sites placing these moths in Erebidae family.



Family:- NOCTUIDAE
Sub Family:- ACONTIINAE
Genus:- Mataeomera
Species:- Possibly ligata












Family:- NOCTUIDAE
Sub Family:- ACONTIINAE
Genus:- Mataeomera
Species:- Possibly dubia








*********************************************************************************

Wednesday, 6 September 2017

 Sandava scitisignata

Sandava scitisignata HYPENINAE EREBIDAE

Was:- Sandava scitisignata HYPENINAE NOCTUIDAE
 These Caterpillars have been found under loose bark on tree trunks, and appear to eat fungi on dead trees.
They have a wingspan of about 20mm. Male and female moths are similar, but the antennae of the males are thicker than those of the females.




Family:- EREBIDAE
Sub Family:- HYPENINAE
Genus:- Sandava
Species:- scitisignata
















These are both the same species taken at different times, and both have lost a number of scales so I added both photos for better detail.

Synonyms listed :-
Cidaria scitisignata Walker, 1862
Sandava melaleucata Walker, [1863]
Istarba varialis Walker, [1866].

**********************************************************************************

Iropoca rotundata LYMANTRIINAE EREBIDAE

Was:- Iropoca rotundata LYMANTRIIDAE NOCTUOIDEA

This is another new moth for us.

The larval food is Eucalyptus leaves. They pupate under loose bark on the trunk.
Many Lymantriinae larvae in their early instar can spin long strands of silk that are then caught by the wind and so allows them to disperse away from the tree they hatched on. This is necessary, because the females are not able to fly and are therefore not able to deposit eggs in a variety of sites for diversification.





Family:- EREBIDAE
Sub Family:- LYMANTRIINAE
Genus:- Iropoca
Species:- rotundata










I found there are 2 possible synonyms :-
    Teara rotundata Walker, 1855
    Anthela sydneyensis Strand, 1929

**********************************************************************************

Wednesday, 30 August 2017

Chrysodeixis argentifera PLUSIINAE NOCTUIDAE

Common through most of Australia, sometimes in New Zealand and Norfolk Island.
It is a pest on numerous plants including Tobacco and Tomato and many ornamental plants.
They have a wing span around 30mm.



Family:-  NOCTUIDAE
Sub Family:- PLUSIINAE
Genus:-  Chrysodeixis
Species:- argentifera





************************************************************************************

Craniophora fasciata ACRONICTINAE NOCTUIDAE

One of the Larval food plants is reported to be Privet (Ligustrum vulgare, OLEACEAE), a major destructive, invasive weed in this area.
 Wingspan is about 35mm to 40mm.
Common throughout Eastern Australia, also through India, South east Asia and New Guinea.





Family:-  NOCTUIDAE
Sub Family:- ACRONICTINAE
Genus:- Craniophora
Species:- fasciata










Privet is a large shrub to small tree that is still being grown as hedges in our area. The fruits are eaten by birds and the seeds are spread by the birds. Once the plants take over an area, they suffocate out the native plants that support our wildlife. This is environmental destruction through neglect and ignorance. 

*********************************************************************************

Wednesday, 23 August 2017

Two new moths

A burst of quite hot weather has brought out a lot of moths. The weather is still very dry but in the space of a week I have seen a number of new moths here. Two of the new moths are below.

**********************************************************************************

Diasemiopsis ramburialis SPILOMELINAE CRAMBIDAE

Although this moth is supposed to be fairly common world wide, I have never noticed it here before.
The larval food plant was previously thought to be possibly a Brassica species, but I came across an article on the internet in which the moth larvae are helping to control the Azolla water fern (Azolla filiculoides Lam., Azollaceae) in rice plantations in Iran. This is a relatively new discovery confirming the larval food plant.
The article can be found at https://nl.pensoft.net/article/6887/

There is a further article on the water fern in Australia :-
http://toowoombaplants2008.blogspot.com.au/search?q=Azolla


Family:- CRAMBIDAE
Sub Family:- SPILOMELINAE
Genus:-  Diasemiopsis
Species:- ramburialis







*********************************************************************************

Euchaetis rhizobola OECOPHORINAE OECOPHORIDAE 

With a wingspan of around 30mm this is a large moth for this family. The larval food plant is the green leaves of  the Eucalyptus trees. They can be found over a range from Yeppoon, in Queensland to Victoria and also in south Western Australia.
The rear wings of the moth are a brilliant silver white.
In the photo of the underside you can see that one of the labial palps is missing. I took another photo a couple of  days later of another moth of the same species with both palps in tact, so there are at least a couple of the moths around at the moment.





Family:- OECOPHORIDAE
Sub Family:- OECOPHORINAE
Genus:- Euchaetis
Species:- rhizobola











**********************************************************************************

Wednesday, 16 August 2017

Avatha discolor EREBINAE  EREBIDAE

Was:- Avatha discolor CATOCALINAE NOCTUIDAE
This moth has many synonyms, because they can be quite variable. It was given 10 different names by Walker  in 1857 and 1858, then a further 6 different names by Strand 1917 and 1920, only to find that it had been identified by Fabricius in 1794 and then, with a different name again in 1794.
Of the host plant species I could find, Sapindus, (Sapindaceae family) and Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) are the only plants families we have here.






Family:- EREBIDAE
Sub Family:- ERIBINAE
Genus:-  Avatha
Species:-  discolor









**********************************************************************************

Brithys crini NOCTUINAE NOCTUIDAE

Was:- Brithys crini HADENINAE NOCTUIDAE
The larval food plant here is most likely to be Crinum angustifolium. They bore up the stems of the plant.




Family:- NOCTUIDAE
Sub Family:- NOCTUINAE
Genus:- Brithys
Species:- crini





They are an attractive caterpillar and the larval food plant is a native to this area.




**********************************************************************************

Wednesday, 9 August 2017

Araeopteron canescens BOLETOBIINAE EREBIDAE

Was:- Araeopteron canescens ACONTIINAE NOCTUIDAE
One site suggests the sub family is Erebinae rather than Boletobiinae.
This moth has a wing span of about 10mm.





Family:- EREBIDAE
Sub Family:- BOLETOBIINAE
Genus:- Araeopteron
Species:- canescens

Not the best set of photos. I must try again.



















*********************************************************************************

Arrade destituta HYPENINAE EREBIDAE

was Arrade destituta HYPENINAE NOCTUIDAE





Family:- EREBIDAE
Sub Family:- HYPENINAE
Genus:- Arrade
Species:- destituta










**********************************************************************************